What is Selenium?

    • Selenium is one of the most popular Test Automation Tool available in the market
    • Selenium automates Web Applications and Mobile applications .
    • Selenium cannot automate Desktop applications
    • Selenium is an Open Source Tool
      • Open Source Software – Software’s who’s source code can be publicly accessible and can be used by other developers/communities to view, modify or enhance or share it for different reasons.
    • Selenium is Free
      • No licensing cost is involved
    • Selenium can be used to execute the automation tests across the following different supported browsers
      • Chrome
      • Firefox
      • Internet Explorer
      • Safari
      • Opera
    • Selenium can be used to execute the automation tests across the following different operating systems
      • Microsoft Windows
      • Apple OS X
      • Linux
    • Selenium automation scripts can be developed using any of the following programming languages:
      • Java (Mostly used, famous and also has lot of support in the market)
      • Python
      • C#
      • Ruby
      • Perl
      • PHP

 

What are the different components of Selenium?

    • Selenium is not a single tool, instead it is a suite of tools
    • Instead Selenium is the combination of the following different tools or components
      • Selenium IDE
        • Record and Playback Tool
        • Cannot be used for complex applications
      • Selenium RC (Outdated)
        • Used to be the major tool earlier till the Selenium WebDriver came into the market with more benefits.
      • Selenium WebDriver
        • Major tool of Selenium in the current market
      • Selenium Grid
        • Used to support parallel execution by distributing the tests across multiple machines

 

What are the different versions of Selenium?

    • Selenium 1
      • Selenium 1 = Selenium IDE + Selenium RC + Selenium Grid
    • Selenium 2
      • Selenium 2 = Selenium IDE + Selenium WebDriver 2.x + Selenium RC + Selenium Grid
    • Selenium 3
      • Selenium 3 = Selenium IDE + Selenium WebDriver 3.x + Selenium Grid

 

What are Locators?

>Locators help Selenium in finding the UI elements on the Web Page

Locaters in Selenium

below you can find the different types of locators we can use in

Selenium:

    • ID
    • Name
    • Class Name
    • Link Text or Partial Link Text
    • CSS Selectors
    • XPath
    • DOM TagName

 

What are the different Types of drivers that are available in Selenium WebDriver

The following are the different types of drivers available in Selenium WebDriver:

    • ChromeDriver
    • For executing Selenium Automation Scripts on Chrome Browser
    • FirefoxDriver
    • For executing Selenium Automation Scripts on Firefox Browser
    • InternetExplorerDriver
    • For executing Selenium Automation Scripts on Internet Explorer Browser
    • SafariDriver
    • For executing Selenium Automation Scripts on Safari Browser
    • OperaDriver
    • For executing Selenium Automation Scripts on Opera Browser
    • EdgeDriver
    • For executing Selenium Automation Scripts on Edge Browser
    • EventFiringWebDriver
    • For firing the WebDriver listener events
    • RemoteWebDriver
    • Used with Selenium Grid for executing automation scripts on different remote machines.

 

To verify whether the element is visible or not on a Webpage ?

Test Steps :

    • Launch the Firefox browser
    • Navigate to AppUrl
    • Wait 5sec
    • To verify whether the Kosmik Jobs element is visible or not on a Webpage ?

 

Selenium Code :

package seleniumProject;

import org.openqa.selenium.By;

import org.openqa.selenium.WebDriver;

import org.openqa.selenium.firefox.FirefoxDriver;

public class Verify_Element_DisplayedorNot {

       public static void main(String[] args) throws InterruptedException {

//Launch the Firefox browser

WebDriver driver = new

FirefoxDriver();

//Navigate to AppUrl

driver.get("https://www.kosmiktechnologies.com/jobs/");

//Wait 5sec

Thread.sleep(5000);

//To verify whether the Kosmik Jobs element is visible or not on a Webpage ?

if(driver.findElement(By.xpath("/html/body/div[3]/div[1]/div/div/d iv/div/div/h2/em")).isDisplayed())

{

System.out.println("Kosmik Jobs Element is visible");

}else

{

System.out.println("Kosmik  Jobs Element is Invisible");

 

        }

     }

}

To verify whether the element is Enable or Disable on a Webpage?

Test Steps :

  • Launch the Firefox browser
  • Navigate to AppUrl
  • Wait 5sec
  • To verify whether the Kosmik Jobs element is Enable or Disable on a Webpage ?

 

Selenium Code :

package seleniumProject;

import org.openqa.selenium.By;

import org.openqa.selenium.WebDriver;

import org.openqa.selenium.firefox.FirefoxDriver;

public class Verify_Element_EnabledorNot {

public static void main(String[] args) throws

InterruptedException {

//Launch the Firefox browser

WebDriver driver = new FirefoxDriver();

//Navigate to AppUrl

driver.get("https://www.kosmiktechnologies.com/jobs/");

//Wait 5sec

Thread.sleep(5000);

//To verify whether the Kosmik Jobs element is Enable or Disable on a Webpage ?

if(driver.findElement(By.xpath("/html/body/div[3]/div[1]/div/div/d iv/div/div/h2/em")).isEnabled())

{

System.out.println("Kosmik Jobs Element is Enable");

}else

{

System.out.println("Kosmik  Jobs Element is Disable");

         }

   }

}

How to verify particular text in a webpage? Or How to verify successfull message in selenium?

Test Steps :

  • Launch the Firefox browser
  • Navigate to AppUrl
  • Wait 5sec
  • Identify and get the Kosmik Jobs text and store into jobs_Text variable
  • Print the Kosmik Jobs text
  • verify Kosmik Jobs text
  • Close the current browser window

 

Selenium Code :

package seleniumProject;

import org.openqa.selenium.By;

import org.openqa.selenium.WebDriver;

import org.openqa.selenium.firefox.FirefoxDriver;

public class Verify_KosmiK_JobsText {

     public static void main(String[] args) throws InterruptedException

{

//Launch the Firefox browser

WebDriver driver = new FirefoxDriver();

//Navigate to AppUrl driver.get("https://www.kosmiktechnologies.com/jobs/");

//Wait 5sec

Thread.sleep(5000);

//Identify and get the Kosmik Jobs text and store into jobs_Text variable

String

jobs_Text=driver.findElement(By.xpath("/html/body/div[3]/div[1]/div/div/div/div/div/h2/em")).getText();

//Print the Kosmik Jobs text

System.out.println(jobs_Text);

//verify Kosmik Jobs text

if(jobs_Text.equals("JOBS"))

{

System.out.println("Kosmik Jobs Text verified successfully");

}else

{

System.out.println("Kosmik Jobs Text not verified successfully");

}

//Close the current browser window

driver.close();

   }

}

Control statements :

Syntax :

If(Actual_value.equals(Expected_value))

{

//Execute the code if condition is true

}else

{

//Execute the code if condition is false

}

Actual_value : Take the text from Testing Application.

Expected_value : client requirement

How to verify particular text in a webpage